Nebraska Native Plant Society

Pahuk JULY, 2009

Pahuk means headland or promotory, and is located on a heavily wooded bluff overlooking the Platte River north of Cedar Bluffs, Nebraska. The 150-acre site was purchased by Dr. Louis Gilbert and his wife and when they discovered that Pahuk was a sacred site, they petitioned to have it placed on the National Register of Historic Places and began work in 1974 to restore it to native prairie. They also set out to develop a master plan for forest and prairie management and restoration. Finally, they negotiated a preservation easment with the Nebraska State Historical Society, which ensures that the Pahuk Historic Natural Area will never be disturbed. The Gilberts learned that Pahuk was the most important of the five Pawnee religious sites. They learned that a huge cave said to be below the bluff was the dwelling or meeting place of the Nahu-rac, supernaturally endowed animals which were the servants and messengers of Ti-ra-wa, who could intervene in the affairs of men and from whom the medicine men of the Pawnee gained their skills. (Labriola Center Newsletter, Fall 1996 Newsletter Vol. IV No.3 http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/fall96.htm (* = introduced, naturalized species)

ACERACEAE, maple family

Acer saccharinum (planted)

ASTERACEAE, sunflower family

Eupatorium altissimum,tall boneset

BALSIMINACEAE, jewel-weed family

Impatiens capensis, spotted touch-me-not, spotted jewel-weed

BORAGINACEAE, the borage family

Hackelia virginiana

BRASSICACEAE, mustard family

Alliaria petiolata (invasive)

CELTIDACEAE, hackberry family

Celtis occidentalis, hackberry

COMMELINACEAE, spiderwort family

Commulinum communis, dayflower (introduced)

Tradescantia ohioensis, spiderwort p>

CYPERACEAE, sedge family

Carex eburnea

Carex sprengelii

Carex schweinitzii

Eleocharis sp.

ELAEAGNACEAE, oleaster family

Elaeagnus umbellata, autumn olive (invasive)

EQUISETACEAE

Equisetum sp.

FABACEAE, pea family

Amorpha fruticosa, wild indigo

Strophostyles leiosperma

Gymnocladus dioica, Kentucky coffee tree

FAGACEAE, oak family

Quercus macrocarpa, bur oak

JUGLANDACEAE, walnut family

Carya cordiformis, bitternut hickory

Juglans nigra, black walnut (planted)

LAMIACEAE, mint family

Lamiastrum galeobdolon, escape

Leonurus cardiaca, motherwort

Lycopus asper

Nepeta cataria

Teucrium canadensis, germander

MENISPERMACEAE, moonseed family

Menispermum canadense, moonseed

MORACEAE, fig family

Morus alba, white mulberry

OXALIDACEAE, wood-sorrel family

PHYTOLACCACEAE, pokeweed family

Phytolacca americana, pokeweed PHRYMACEAE, lopseed family

PLANTAGINACEAE, plantain family

Plantago rugelii, American plantain

POACEAE, grass family

Elymus villosus, sliky wild rye

Leersia virginica, whitegrass

Muhlenbergia racemosa, marsh muhly

Phalaris arundinacea

Spartina pectinata

ROSACEAE, rose family

Prunus americana, American plum

Prunus virginiana, chokecherry

SALICACEAE, willow family

Salix exigua, sandbar willow

SCROPHULARIACERAE

Verbascum thapsus

SOLANACEAE, nightshade family

Physalis sp.

TILIACEAE, linden family

Tilia americana, American linden

ULMACEAE, elm family

Ulmus americana

VITACEAE, grape family

Vitis riparia, riverbank grape

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